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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

Perkawpylus."]                   FLOHA INDICA.                                   193
gla&er, W. et A., is a very hfcuriant form, with larger leaves and a more lax habit,
but is certainly not distinct. To the numerous lists of synonyms already brought
together by Richard and others, Mr. Miers has added the Cebatha of ForskaL The
fruit of that species is said to be eatable, but it is BO small that it can hardly be
worth eating. A fermented liquor is also stated to be prepared in Arabia from the
juice.
4. C. villosus (DC. Syst. i. 525, Prod. i. 98) j foliis ovaH-oblon-
gis subdeltoideis villosis, paniculia masculis abbreviatis, floribus foemi-
ueis in axilla 1-3.—Wall. Cat, 4957 15 W. et AJ Prod. i. 13. C. se-
pium, Colebr. m Linn. Tr. xiii. 58. C. hastatus, DC. Syst. i. 522, Prod.
i. 98. Menispernmm villosum, Lam.,(non Roxb). M. hirsutum, Linn.j
Eoseb. J?L Ind. iii. 814. M, myosotoides, Linn.
HAB. Pegu! Ava! Oarnatica 1 Malabar! Maisor 1 Dekhan 1 Concan!
Baliar, et per totam Hindustauiam et Panjab usque ad basin Hima-
layse, ubique in sepibus et dumetis vulgatissimus; sed e Malaya non
vidimus.—(Fl. per fere totum annum*) (v. v.)
DISTKIB. Africa occidentalis extratropica, Cwrror (in Herb. Hook.).
"Frutex alte scondeus, ramulis villosis sulcatulis, Folia .ovalia vel ovali-oblonga,
late dfeltoidea, angulis rotundatis, vel elongato-dcltoidca, interdum subtriloba, retusa
vel obtusa cum mucroue, rarius acutiuscula, basi subcordata vel truncata, juniora
utrinque mollitcr villosa, majora ad paginam snperiorem fere glabrata, ramorum 2-3
poll, longa, 1|~2 lata, pedicellis gracUibtis yix semipollicaritus, ramulorum semper
minora ct plerumque angustiora, saipe lineari-obloaga, sed interdum fere orbicularia,
^-li poll, longa, acuta vel obtusa, setoso-muoroiiata, dense incano-villosa. Panicula
inascului in ramulis oxUIarcs, soliiurire vel biua, foliis dimidio breviores, pilis patenti-
bus laxe viUoMtu. Br&ctea liuwvrrs, miuutas. Spptila laxo villosa. Potato, acuta,
bidcniata. Flws fttwinei boliiarii vel 2-3-fascieuiati, rarius (foliis roninlonun om-
niuo abortivis) iu axillis foHoruiu iiwjorum longc raceinosi, Zlrupa! atro-purpurese.
JP'utaMfa dorso argule carinatuin, tuberculatum.
A very well-marked species, which can scarcely be confounded with any other.
According to Roxburgh, ink is made of the berries, and a decoction of the roots is
used iu Hindoo medicine, as a substitute for Sarsaparilla. The first year's shoots are
barren and very long, and bear largo leaves, in the axils of which short flower-bearing
branches are produced, densely covered with small leaves. The closely-allied African
species mentioned by Miers in Hooter's Niger Flora, at p. 215, we consider a state
of d villosus.
5. C* mollis (Wall. Oat. 4973!); foliis ovatis acutis vel acurainatis
aubtus albo-villosis, paniculis paxicifloris |wtiolo subbrevioribus.
HAB. iuNipalia, Wall.! in tnont. Khasui, nit 5000 ped.l—(u.t>.)
Fmiffx acandena, ramulis cylindrkm si rial is inullii^r pubescciitibus dcmnm glabra-
tia. Folia ramulorum steriliuin iutcrdum obtusa, mucrouata, 2-4 poll longa, H-2i
lata, petioJo J-l-pollicari, basi eurdata vel iruacata, supra Icete viridm, pilis adprcssis
sparsis pubeacentia, demum fere plabra, sabtun moliikr tomentosa. Pedttnculi axil-
lares vet paullo supra-aiilkres, tubereulo touioutost) iiiterposito, masculi irregukiiter
cymoal, 4-7-flori, bracteis paucia fiiiiomiibus, fojminei 1-H-flori. JBraclete 2 calyci
ndpressft.\ Puyml* ovalia, Petal* cruargiuata. Pnmtus plcrumque sccus ramulos
(ob folia dojiduu) nudoa pseudo-raccmoai. toruptr oowpressfc, pisifurmus. Putawen.
dorso cariuatum ct lineis 4 tubertrulorum uotatum.
9. PERICAMPYLUS, Miers.
Scpala 6, biseriatim hubvmHa, tixtoriorn niiuora.  JWtfht 0.   MAS,
)? c